Home-based Electrocardiogram Monitoring Device with Google Technology and Bluetooth Wireless Communication
Keywords:Android mobile application, Bluetooth, Cardiovascular Disease (CVD), electrocardiography (ECG), Firebase, Google technology
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the global leading silent killer. Regular electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring in public community serves pre- ventive and diagnostic purposes by detecting life-threatening arrhythmias for early detection of CVDs. There are a lot of commercialized portable heart monitoring devices available in the market, but many of them have some limita- tions, such as not equipped with Internet-of-Things (IoT) technology, lack of user-friendly interface and data management system. This paper presents a home-based ECG monitoring device which consists of ECG acquisition hard- ware and Android-based mobile application integrated with Google technology and Bluetooth wireless communication. The ECG acquisition hardware will ac- quire single lead ECG signal and transmit to the Android-based mobile applica- tion via Bluetooth wireless technology to enhance the device mobility and less wiring for user convenience. The acquired ECG data is real-time displayed in mobile application and stored in a phone’s local memory for future review, whereas the data management system using Firebase Authentication and Fire- base Storage provided by Google technology allows the users and administra- tors to upload or access the data with the smartphones through online Google Cloud Platform for post-processing. Besides, the mobile application also utilize Global Positioning System (GPS) to detect current user location for immediate medical actions if there are any abnormalities detected. This home-based ECG monitoring device utilizes the embedded system with IoT technology which aims to help the public community enable frequent heart monitoring for early heart disease detection and prevention, as well as promotes applications of tele- cardiology.